Childhood Immunisations


    These are the routine vaccinations that are offered free of charge on the NHS to all babies and children in the UK.

    6-in-1 vaccine

    Protects against: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough, polio, Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) and hepatitis B.

    Given at: 8, 12 and 16 weeks of age to all babies born on or after 1 August 2017.

    Read more about the 6-in-1 vaccine

    Pneumococcal or pneumo jab (PCV)

    Protects against: some types of pneumococcal infection

    Given at: 8 weeks, 16 weeks and one year of age

    Read more about the pneumococcal jab

    Rotavirus vaccine

    Protects against: rotavirus infection, a common cause of childhood diarrhoea and sickness

    Given at: 8 and 12 weeks of age

    Read more about the rotavirus vaccine

    Men B vaccine

    Protects against: meningitis (caused by meningococcal type B bacteria)

    Given at: 8 weeks, 16 weeks and one year of age

    Read more about the Men B vaccine.

    Hib/Men C vaccine

    Protects against: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) and meningitis caused by meningococcal group C bacteria

    Given at: one year of age

    Read more about the Hib/Men C vaccine.

    MMR vaccine

    Protects against: measles, mumps and rubella

    Given at: one year and at three years and four months of age

    Read more about the MMR jab

    Children's flu vaccine

    Protects against: flu

    Given at: annually as a nasal spray in Sept/Oct for all children aged two to eight years on 31 August 2017.

    Read more about the flu vaccine for children

    4-in-1 pre-school booster

    Protects against: diphtheria, tetanus, whooping cough and polio

    Given at: three years and four months of age

    Read more about the DTaP/IPV pre-school booster

    HPV vaccine (girls only)

    Protects against: cervical cancer

    Given at: 12-13 years as two injections at least six months apart

    Read more about the HPV vaccine

    3-in-1 teenage booster

    Protects against: tetanus, diphtheria and polio

    Given at: 14 years

    Read more about the 3-in-1 teenage booster

    Men ACWY vaccine

    Protects against: meningitis (caused by meningococcal types A, C, W and Y bacteria) 

    Given at: 14 years and new university students aged 19-25

    Read more about the Men ACWY vaccine

    Optional vaccinations

    These vaccinations are offered on the NHS in addition to the routine programme to "at-risk" groups of babies and children.

    Chickenpox vaccination

    Protects against: chickenpox

    Who needs it: siblings of children who have suppressed immune systems and are susceptible to chickenpox, for example because they're having cancer treatment or have had an organ transplant.

    Given: from one year of age upwards. Children receive two doses of chickenpox vaccine given four to eight weeks apart.

    Read more about the chickenpox jab

    BCG (tuberculosis) vaccination

    Protects against: tuberculosis (TB)

    Who needs it: babies and children who have a high chance of coming into contact with tuberculosis.

    Given: from birth to 16 years of age.

    Read more about the BCG vaccine

    Flu vaccination

    Protects against: flu

    Who needs it: children aged six months to two years and those aged nine to 17 who have certain medical conditions or a weakened immune system, which may put them at risk of complications from flu. (All children aged two to eight years are given the flu vaccine as part of the routine immunisation schedule.)

    Given: for children between the ages of six months and two years as a single jab every year in September/November. For children aged nine to 17 years of age as a nasal spray every year in September/November.

    Read more about the nasal spray flu vaccine

    Read more about the flu jab

    Hepatitis B vaccination

    Protects against: hepatitis B

    Who needs it: children at high risk of exposure to hepatitis B, and babies born to infected mothers.

    Given: as six doses over 12 months  a baby born to a mother infected with hepatitis B will be given a dose at birth, followed by further doses at 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks of age, and a final dose at one year old.

    Read more about the hepatitis B vaccine